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These cultural identifiers may be the result of various conditions including: location , gender , race , history , nationality , language , sexuality , religious beliefs , ethnicity , aesthetics , and even food. The divisions between cultures can be very fine in some parts of the world, especially in rapidly changing cities where the population is ethnically diverse and social unity is based primarily on locational contiguity. As a "historical reservoir," culture is an important factor in shaping identity. Also of interest is the interplay between cultural identity and new media.

Rather than necessarily representing an individual's interaction within a certain group, cultural identity may be defined by the social network of people imitating and following the social norms as presented by the media. A range of cultural complexities structure the way individuals operate with the cultural realities in their lives.

3. The Rise of Identity Economy: Toward a New Quebec-Canada Partnership?

Nation is a large factor of the cultural complexity, as it constructs the foundation for individual's identity but it may contrast with ones cultural reality. Cultural identities are influenced by several different factors such as ones religion , ancestry, skin colour, language, class , education, profession, skill, family and political attitudes.

These factors contribute to the development of one's identity. Cultural identity is essentially how we as individuals cater to all positions of our lives.


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We may be teachers, students, friends, bosses, employees, etc. How we act and how our schemas contribute to our positions are the building blocks of your overall cultural identity. It is also noted that an individual's " cultural arena ", or place where one lives, impacts the culture that person chooses to abide by. The surroundings, the environment, the people in these places play a factor in how one feels about the culture they wish to adopt.

Many immigrants find the need to change their culture in order to fit into the culture of most citizens in the country. This can conflict with an immigrant's current belief in their culture and might pose a problem, as the immigrant feels compelled to choose between the two presenting cultures.

Some might be able to adjust to the various cultures in the world by committing to two or more cultures. It is not required to stick to one culture. Many people socialize and interact with people in one culture in addition to another group of people in another culture.


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  8. Thus cultural identity is able to take many forms and can change depending on the cultural area. The nature of the impact of cultural arena has changed with the advent of the Internet, bringing together groups of people with shared cultural interests who before would have been more likely to integrate into their real world cultural arena.

    This plasticity is what allows people to feel like part of society wherever they go. Language develops from the wants of the people who tend to disperse themselves in a common given location over a particular period of time. This tends to allow people to share a way of life that generally links individuals in a certain culture that is identified by the people of that group.

    The Media, Globalization, and the Problem of National Identity | TOM HENIGHAN'S Journal

    The affluence of communication that comes along with sharing a language promotes connections and roots to ancestors and cultural histories. Language also includes the way people speak with peers, family members, authority figures, and strangers, including the tone and familiarity that is included in the language. Language learning process can also be affected by cultural identity via the understanding of specific words, and the preference for specific words when learning and using a second language. Since many aspects of a person's cultural identity can be changed, such as citizenship or influence from outside cultures can change cultural traditions, language is a main component of cultural identity.

    Kevin McDonough pointed out, in his article, several factors concerning support or rejection of the government for different cultural identity education systems. During March , the two authors, Linda D.

    3. The Rise of Identity Economy: Toward a New Quebec-Canada Partnership?

    Labbo and Sherry L. Field collected several useful books and resources to promote multicultural education in South Africa. Identity development among immigrant groups has been studied across a multi-dimensional view of acculturation. Dina Birman and Edison Trickett conducted a qualitative study through informal interviews with first-generation Soviet Jewish Refugee adolescents looking at the process of acculturation through three different dimensions: language competence, behavioral acculturation, and cultural identity.

    In a similar study, Phinney, Horencyzk, Liebkind, and Vedder focused on a model, which concentrates on the interaction between immigrant characteristics and the responses of the majority society in order to understand the psychological effects of immigration. The researchers concluded that most studies find that being bicultural, having a combination of having a strong ethnic and national identity, yields the best adaptation in the new country of residence.

    An article by LaFromboise, L.

    Colemna, and Gerton, reviews the literature on the impact of being bicultural. LaFromboise Et Al. Educators can assume their positions of power in beneficially impactful ways for immigrant students, by providing them with access to their native cultural support groups, classes, after—school activities, and clubs in order to help them feel more connected to both native and national cultures. Biculturalism can allow for a healthy adaptation to life and school.

    With many new immigrant youth, a school district in Alberta, Canada has gone as far as to partner with various agencies and professionals in an effort to aid the cultural adjustment of new Filipino immigrant youths [18].

    In the study cited, a combination of family workshops and teacher professional development aimed to improve the language learning and emotional development of these youths and families [19]. John W. Comparing three groups of 16 school districts, the loss was greater where the transition was from sixth grade than from a K-8 system. It was also greater when students from multiple elementary schools merged into a single middle school.

    Students from both K-8 and middle schools lost achievement in transition to high school, though this was greater for middle school students, and high school dropout rates were higher for districts with grades middle schools than for those with K-8 elementary schools. The Jean S. Phinney Three-Stage Model of Ethnic Identity Development is a widely accepted view of the formation of cultural identity. In this model cultural Identity is often developed through a three-stage process: unexamined cultural identity, cultural identity search, and cultural identity achievement. Unexamined cultural identity: "a stage where one's cultural characteristics are taken for granted, and consequently there is little interest in exploring cultural issues.

    Usually a person in this stage accepts the ideas they find on culture from their parents, the media, community, and others. An example of thought in this stage: "I don't have a culture I'm just an American. I've never lived there. Cultural identity search: "is the process of exploration and questioning about one's culture in order to learn more about it and to understand the implications of membership in that culture. For some this stage may arise from a turning point in their life or from a growing awareness of other cultures.

    This stage is characterized by growing awareness in social and political forums and a desire to learn more about culture. This can be expressed by asking family members questions about heritage, visiting museums, reading of relevant cultural sources, enrolling in school courses, or attendance at cultural events. This stage might have an emotional component as well. An example of thought in this stage: "I want to know what we do and how our culture is different from others. Cultural identity achievement: "is characterized by a clear, confident acceptance of oneself and an internalization of one's cultural identity.

    This usually leads to an increase in self-confidence and positive psychological adjustment [21]. There is a set of phenomena that occur in conjunction between virtual culture — understood as the modes and norms of behavior associated with the internet and the online world — and youth culture. While we can speak of a duality between the virtual online and real sphere face-to-face relations , for youth, this frontier is implicit and permeable. On occasions — to the annoyance of parents and teachers — these spheres are even superposed, meaning that young people may be in the real world without ceasing to be connected.

    In the present techno-cultural context, the relationship between the real world and the virtual world cannot be understood as a link between two independent and separate worlds, possibly coinciding at a point, but as a Moebius strip where there exists no inside and outside and where it is impossible to identify limits between both. For new generations, to an ever-greater extent, digital life merges with their home life as yet another element of nature. In this naturalizing of digital life, the learning processes from that environment are frequently mentioned not just since they are explicitly asked but because the subject of the internet comes up spontaneously among those polled.

    Proponents of technology suggest that traditional ways of providing tourism and hospitality information will disappear as mobile technology becomes even more prevalent Dickinson et al.

    How Canadians Communicate, Vol. 2: Media, Globalization and Identity

    Technological advances in transportation are affecting not only how people travel to and within destinations, but also the impacts that those forms of transportation are having on the environment. For example, newer planes, such as the Boeing Dreamliner, use less fuel, generate less noise, and produce fewer emissions than previous models Boeing, Efforts are also being made to offer alternatives for tourism transportation World Economic Forum, , including increases in the number of electric cars available through rental agencies.

    How globalization effects our cultural Identity?

    Transportation advances are also opening more access to the world for more people. Tourism in BC is already being impacted by globalization. The doors of the province have opened to travellers around the world, but especially from emerging markets such as China. BC has also been impacted by the increase in new destinations, fighting for share of the growing tourism economy.

    Social media and other recent innovations in communication will continue to grow in importance for BC to generate awareness of its many tourism products and services. At the same time, steps must be taken to prepare for the effects of climate change, with potentially shorter winters and reductions in precipitation.

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    Media and Political Identity: Canada and Quebec in the Era of Globalization

    The spread of technological advances and improved wireless access will help the industry satisfy this aspect of the market, while also increasing the means to raise awareness with more potential visitors. The article primarily used examples of travel to war-torn areas of the Middle East. Other tours travel to the Israeli border town of Sderot, an area on the Gaza Strip under heavy rocket fire. Dark tourism now has a more sophisticated infrastructure than the days when Thomas Cook took visitors to see hangings, and the increase in technology and interpersonal communications has caused this area of tourism to grow at a faster rate Kamin, They list hyper-extreme tour operators such as War Zone Tours and Wild Frontiers both in operation since the s as pioneers of the sector.

    Some travellers cite their visits to countries and areas such as these with motivating them toward becoming journalists and activists. Others state their experiences are therapeutic, helping them to understand their own difficult experiences or those of others, such as the military service of family members Kamin, British Columbia Ministry of Attorney General.

    June The diversity of visible minorities and ethnic origins in BC. BC Stats. March 15, Quarterly population highlights. About the family. Buhalis, D.

    Culture in the age of globalisation

    Progress in information technology and tourism management: 20 years on and 10 years after the internet — the state of eTourism research. Tourism Management, 29 , Business Insider. George Magnus: These 5 big demographic trends are shaping the world right now.